Clownfish, Philippines. Photo by Stephane Rochon.

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Best videos

A couple of resident Giant Sea Bass and a fleeing torpedoray highlighted the dive, with Mola Molas at the surface 01:59

Star of Scotland
United States of America

Hiding, camouflage & mimicry. Part 16 of my DVD, "Reef Life of the Andaman", available at http://www.bubblevision.com/marine-life-DVD.htm

In this video we look at how fishes and other marine life use different strategies for hiding themselves from both predators and prey.

First we see how the pastel tilefish, Hoplolatilus fronticinctus, hides by diving into enormous piles of rubble that it has built at dive sites in the depths of the Mergui Archipelago in Burma (Myanmar).

Then we look at how the dwarf whipray, Himantura walga, and bluespotted stingray, Neotrygon kuhlii, camouflage themselves under sand on the seabed at various locations in Thailand including the Similan Islands.

The day octopus, Octopous cyanea, shows us how it ejects ink as a decoy so it can make its escape.

Mimicry is a clever way that marine life hides its presence. We see how the straightstick pipefish, Trachyrhamphus longirostris, mimics sea whips to avoid detection, and how the ornate ghost pipefish, Solenostomus paradoxus, can change its body coloration and orientation to mimic its surroundings.

The giant frogfish, Antennarius commerson, is an ambush predator. They mimic sponges and their slender dorsal spine, the illicium, is waved around like a tiny fishing rod. Bypassers attracted to the lure at the end of the illicium are engulfed by the huge mouth in a fraction of a second. They are also known as anglerfish.

Scorpionfish and stonefish are also ambush predators. They blend in perfectly with their environment so they can pounce on their unsuspecting prey, but have venomous spines as an extra defence. We see a moray eel colliding with a stonefish at Thailand's Boonsung wreck.

The full narration is available as English, German or Spanish subtitles by turning on the closed captions (CC). There are also closed captions available showing scientific and common names of the marine life in English, German or Dutch, along with dive site names.

Thanks to Coded for the first music track, "Pattern Errors", and to Toao (SOILSOUND Music Publishing LLC, http://www.soilsound.com) for the second music track, "Starbeam".

"Reef Life of the Andaman" is being serialised weekly on YouTube. Please subscribe to my channel to receive notifications of new episodes as I release them. The series features descriptions of 213 different marine species including more than 100 tropical fish, along with sharks, rays, moray eels, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, sea slugs, cuttlefish, squid, octopus, turtles, sea snakes, starfish, sea cucumbers, corals, worms etc..

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos, and interesting underwater videos from other filmmakers here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope

Thanks to Santana Diving of Phuket (http://www.santanaphuket.com), to Elfi and Uli Erfort for help with the German translation, and to Frank Nelissen for the Dutch subtitles.

Full list of fishes and dive sites featured in this video:

00:00 Bigeye Trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus, Richelieu Rock
00:06 Pastel Tilefish, Hoplolatilus fronticinctus, South Twin
00:40 Dwarf Whipray, Himantura walga, Boonsung Wreck
01:09 Bluespotted Stingray, Neotrygon kuhlii, Shark Point
01:19 Bluespotted Stingray, Neotrygon kuhlii, Shark Fin Reef, Similans
01:27 Bluespotted Stingray, Neotrygon kuhlii, East of Eden
01:35 Day Octopus, Octopus cyanea, Fan Forest Pinnacle
01:55 Straightstick Pipefish, Trachyrhamphus longirostris, Lucy's Reef, Racha Yai
02:03 Straightstick Pipefish, Trachyrhamphus longirostris, Shark Cave
02:20 Ornate Ghost Pipefish, Solenostomus paradoxus, Koh Bida Nai
02:35 Ornate Ghost Pipefish, Solenostomus paradoxus, Koh Bon
02:46 Ornate Ghost Pipefish, Solenostomus paradoxus, Richelieu Rock
02:59 Cheeklined Wrasse (juvenile), Oxycheilinus digramma, Racha Noi
03:11 Giant Frogfish, Antennarius commerson, Richelieu Rock
03:26 Giant Frogfish, Antennarius commerson, East of Eden
03:31 Giant Frogfish, Antennarius commerson, Western Rocky Island
03:49 Giant Frogfish, Antennarius commerson, Richelieu Rock
03:55 Giant Frogfish, Antennarius commerson, East of Eden
04:06 Bearded Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis barbata, Richelieu Rock
04:28 Bearded Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis barbata, Staghorn Reef
04:33 Bearded Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis barbata, Koh Bon
04:37 Bearded Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis barbata, Black Rock
04:42 Bearded Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis barbata, Bungalow Bay, Racha Yai
04:49 Bearded Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis barbata, Richelieu Rock
04:59 Devil Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis diabolus, Koh Bon
05:04 Devil Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis diabolus, Shark Cave
05:14 Devil Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis diabolus, Richelieu Rock
05:19 Devil Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis diabolus, Shark Cave
05:24 Devil Scorpionfish, Scorpaenopsis diabolus, Black Rock
05:34 Stonefish, Synanceia verrucosa, Boonsung Wreck
06:08 King Cruiser Wreck 06:37

Richelieu Rock
Thailand

Anemonefish, shrimps and mantis shrimps. Part 2 of my documentary, "Mucky Secrets", about the marine life of the Lembeh Strait in Indonesia.

In this video we take a look at the mutually symbiotic relationship between saddleback clownfish, a type of anemonefish, and the sea anemones found in the Lembeh Strait. The anemone's stinging tentacles provide protection for the clownfish, which are immune to the sting. The clownfish chase sway polyp-eating predators, and their feces provide food for the anemone.

We then see how partner shrimps (commensal shrimps) also benefit from a commensal relationship with sea anemones. The shrimps use the anemone's tentacles for protection, but the anemone doesn't appear to benefit in any way.

We then take a look at emperor shrimps and sexy shrimps (squat shrimps), then finally at mantis shrimps. A number of different species of spearing mantis shrimps and smashing mantis shrimps live in the Lembeh Strait. They all have extremely advanced eyes and a very fast attack with their claws.

There are English captions showing either the full narration or the common and scientific names of the marine life, along with the dive site names.

"Mucky Secrets" is being serialised weekly on YouTube. Please subscribe to my channel to receive notifications of new episodes as I release them. The series will feature a huge diversity of weird and wonderful marine animals including frogfish, nudibranchs, scorpionfish, crabs, shrimps, moray eels, seahorses, octopus, cuttlefish etc..

Thanks to James Kirsch a.k.a. generalfuzz (http://www.generalfuzz.net & https://soundcloud.com/generalfuzz) for the music track, "Second thoughts" and to Kevin MacLeod of http://www.incompetech.com for the music track, "Scheming Weasel (faster version)". These tracks are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Thanks to the staff and keen-eyed divemasters of Two Fish Divers (http://www.twofishdivers.com), for accommodation, diving services and critter-spotting.

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony HVR-Z1P HDV camera in a Light & Motion Bluefin HD housing with Light & Motion Elite lights and a flat port. A Century +3.5 diopter was used for the most of the macro footage.

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://google.com/+bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope
http://bubblevision.tumblr.com

Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:

00:04 Saddleback Clownfish, Amphiprion polymnus, Aer Perang
00:09 Saddleback Clownfish, Amphiprion polymnus, Hairball
00:32 Saddleback Clownfish (juvenile), Amphiprion polymnus, Nudi Retreat
00:56 Holthuis Shrimp, Ancylomenes holthuisi, Aw Shucks
01:22 Magnificent Shrimp, Ancylomenes magnificus, Hairball
01:38 Tube Anemone, Cerianthus sp., Nudi Retreat
01:47 Magnificent Shrimp, Ancylomenes magnificus, Nudi Retreat
01:54 Night Anemone, Phyllodiscus semoni, Aer Perang
02:01 Graceful Anemone Shrimp, Ancylomenes venustus, Aer Perang
02:39 Curryfish Sea Cucumber, Stichopus horrens, Jahir
02:45 Emperor Shrimp, Periclimenes imperator, Jahir
02:55 Emperor Shrimp (male), Periclimenes imperator, Jahir
03:01 Emperor Shrimp (female), Periclimenes imperator, Jahir
03:19 Spotted Worm Sea Cucumber, Synapta maculata, TK 1 (Teluk Kembahu)
03:26 Emperor Shrimp (female), Periclimenes imperator, TK 1 (Teluk Kembahu)
03:32 Emperor Shrimp, Periclimenes imperator, Hairball
03:48 Emperor Shrimp (male), Periclimenes imperator, Hairball
03:59 Emperor Shrimp (female), Periclimenes imperator
Hairball
04:07 Tube Anemone, Cerianthus sp., Critter Hunt
04:15 Sexy Shrimp, Thor amboinensis, Critter Hunt
04:22 Sexy Shrimp, Thor amboinensis, Aw Shucks
04:34 Orange Mantis Shrimp, Lysiosquilloides mapia, Retak Larry
05:05 Golden Mantis Shrimp, Lysiosquilla tredecimdentata, Jahir
05:17 Pink Tail Mantis Shrimp, Odontodactylus latirostris, TK 1 (Teluk Kembahu)
05:36 Peacock Mantis Shrimp, Odontodactylus scyllarus, Aw Shucks
06:02 Elegant Squat Lobster, Allogalathea elegans, Aer Perang 06:32

Hairball One
Indonesia

Schooling Fish. Part 15 of my DVD, "Reef Life of the Andaman", available at http://www.bubblevision.com/marine-life-DVD.htm

In this video we see how marine fishes form shoals and schools. Fish form these aggregations primarily for defence from predators. First we see huge shoals and schools of cardinalfishes at dive sites in Thailand, including various locations around Phuket, Racha Yai, Racha Noi and the Similan Islands. Later we observe various species of fusiliers and snappers schooling in Burma's Mergui Archipelago.

We then encounter various species of barracuda forming impressive schools at Racha Yai, Black Rock and Koh Tachai. At Western Rocky Island we see an impressive school of sawtooth barracuda forming a huge vortex.

We encounter a school of dogtooth tuna at Koh Tachai, a rare sight these days, and finally we meet schools of bigeye trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus, a common sight at Richelieu Rock, north of the Similan Islands.

The full narration is available as English, German or Spanish subtitles by turning on the closed captions (CC). There are also closed captions available showing scientific and common names of the fishes in English, German or Dutch, along with dive site names.

"Reef Life of the Andaman" is being serialised weekly on YouTube. Please subscribe to my channel to receive notifications of new episodes as I release them. The series features descriptions of 213 different marine species including more than 100 tropical fish, along with sharks, rays, moray eels, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, sea slugs, cuttlefish, squid, octopus, turtles, sea snakes, starfish, sea cucumbers, corals, worms etc..

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos, and interesting underwater videos from other filmmakers here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony VX2000 DV camera in a Gates housing. It was edited in Sony Vegas Pro then deinterlaced with QTGMC and upscaled to 720p HD in AviSynth.

Thanks to Santana Diving of Phuket (http://www.santanaphuket.com), to Elfi and Uli Erfort for help with the German translation, and to Frank Nelissen for the Dutch subtitles.

Full list of fishes and dive sites featured in this video:

00:00 Tuna Wreck, Similans
00:15 Mangrove red snapper, Lutjanus argentimaculatus, Tuna Wreck
00:22 Cardinalfish, Rhabdamia sp., Tuna Wreck
00:30 Luminous cardinalfish, Rhabdamia gracilis, Home Run, Racha Yai
00:38 Swallowtail Cardinalfish, Rhabdamia cypselura, Racha Noi
00:43 Luminous Cardinalfish, Rhabdamia gracilis, Staghorn Reef, Racha Yai
00:53 Swallowtail Cardinalfish, Rhabdamia cypselura, Koh Bida Nai
01:01 Swallowtail Cardinalfish, Rhabdamia cypselura, Koh Doc Mai
01:12 Swallowtail Cardinalfish, Rhabdamia cypselura, Black Rock
01:18 Hardyhead Silversides, Atherinomorus lacunosus, Shark Cave
01:36 Mottled Fusilier, Dipterygonotus balteatus, Black Rock
01:51 Mottled Fusilier, Dipterygonatus balteatus, Shark Cave
02:08 African Pompano, Alectis ciliaris, Shark Cave
02:12 Striped Eel Catfish, Plotosus lineatus, Lucy's Reef, Racha Yai
02:24 Bigeye Snapper, Lutjanus lutjanus, Hin Muang
02:34 Bigeye Snapper, Lutjanus lutjanus, Anemone Reef
02:38 Bigeye Snapper, Lutjanus lutjanus, Koh Bon
02:47 Bigeye Snapper, Lutjanus lutjanus, Richelieu Rock
02:52 Bluestripe Snapper, Lutjanus kasmira, Rocky Point
03:01 Two-Spot Snapper, Lutjanus biguttatus, Anemone Reef
03:09 Two-Spot Snapper, Lutjanus biguttatus, Richelieu Rock
03:15 Variable-Lined Fusilier, Caesio varilineata, Koh Bon
03:20 Variable-Lined Fusilier, Caesio varilineata, Deep Six, Similans
03:30 Bigeye Barracuda, Sphyraena forsteri, Shark Point
03:37 Bigeye Barracuda, Sphyraena forsteri, Staghorn Reef, Racha Yai
03:43 Bigeye Barracuda, Sphyraena forsteri, Staghorn Reef, Racha Yai
03:47 Pickhandle Barracuda, Sphyraena jello, Black Rock
03:58 Blackfin Barracuda, Sphyraena qenie, Koh Tachai
04:06 Blackfin Barracuda, Sphyraena qenie, Richelieu Rock
04:14 Sawtooth Barracuda, Sphyraena putnamae, Black Rock
04:33 Sawtooth Barracuda, Sphyraena putnamae, Western Rocky Island
04:53 Dogtooth Tuna, Gymnosarda unicolor, Koh Tachai
05:08 Bigeye Trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus, Richelieu Rock
05:17 Bigeye Trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus, Black Rock
05:30 Bigeye Trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus, Richelieu Rock
05:37 Pastel Tilefish, Hoplolatilus fronticinctus, South Twin 06:06

Tuna wreck
Thailand


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